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把Orange Pi打造成影音云存储服务器

运用MiniDLNA这款软件,可以把Orange Pi变成一个家庭影音云存储设备,从而将电影、音乐分享给局域网中其他用户。

安装MiniDLNA

sudo apt install -y minidlna
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The following additional packages will be installed:
  fontconfig-config fonts-dejavu-core libavcodec-ffmpeg56 libavformat-ffmpeg56
  libavutil-ffmpeg54 libbluray1 libexif12 libfontconfig1 libfreetype6 libgme0
  libgsm1 libid3tag0 libjpeg-turbo8 libjpeg8 libmodplug1 libmp3lame0 libnuma1
  libopenjpeg5 libopus0 liborc-0.4-0 libschroedinger-1.0-0 libshine3
  libsnappy1v5 libspeex1 libssh-gcrypt-4 libswresample-ffmpeg1 libtheora0
  libtwolame0 libva1 libvpx3 libwavpack1 libwebp5 libx264-148 libx265-79
  libxvidcore4 libzvbi-common libzvbi0
Suggested packages:
  libbluray-bdj opus-tools speex
Recommended packages:
  libaacs0 va-driver-all | va-driver
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  fontconfig-config fonts-dejavu-core libavcodec-ffmpeg56 libavformat-ffmpeg56
  libavutil-ffmpeg54 libbluray1 libexif12 libfontconfig1 libfreetype6 libgme0
  libgsm1 libid3tag0 libjpeg-turbo8 libjpeg8 libmodplug1 libmp3lame0 libnuma1
  libopenjpeg5 libopus0 liborc-0.4-0 libschroedinger-1.0-0 libshine3
  libsnappy1v5 libspeex1 libssh-gcrypt-4 libswresample-ffmpeg1 libtheora0
  libtwolame0 libva1 libvpx3 libwavpack1 libwebp5 libx264-148 libx265-79
  libxvidcore4 libzvbi-common libzvbi0 minidlna
0 upgraded, 38 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
1 not fully installed or removed.
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After this operation, 29.9 MB of additional disk space will be used.

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Get:1 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/main arm64 libexif12 arm64 0.6.21-2 [64.4 kB]

                                                   
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Get:2 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 libgsm1 arm64 1.0.13-4 [25.4 kB]

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Get:3 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/main arm64 libjpeg-turbo8 arm64 1.4.2-0ubuntu3 [86.3 kB]

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Get:4 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/main arm64 liborc-0.4-0 arm64 1:0.4.25-1 [109 kB]

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Get:5 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 libschroedinger-1.0-0 arm64 1.0.11-2.1build1 [265 kB]

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Get:6 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial-updates/main arm64 libnuma1 arm64 2.0.11-1ubuntu1.1 [18.0 kB]

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Get:7 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/main arm64 fonts-dejavu-core all 2.35-1 [1,039 kB]

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Get:8 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial-security/main arm64 fontconfig-config all 2.11.94-0ubuntu1.1 [49.9 kB]

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Get:9 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial-security/universe arm64 libavutil-ffmpeg54 arm64 7:2.8.11-0ubuntu0.16.04.1 [150 kB]

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Get:12 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/main arm64 libopus0 arm64 1.1.2-1ubuntu1 [135 kB]

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Get:25 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 libxvidcore4 arm64 2:1.3.4-1 [158 kB]

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Get:26 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 libzvbi-common all 0.2.35-10 [32.5 kB]

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Get:27 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 libzvbi0 arm64 0.2.35-10 [205 kB]

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Get:28 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial-security/universe arm64 libavcodec-ffmpeg56 arm64 7:2.8.11-0ubuntu0.16.04.1 [3,612 kB]

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Get:30 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial-security/main arm64 libfontconfig1 arm64 2.11.94-0ubuntu1.1 [117 kB]

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Get:31 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 libbluray1 arm64 1:0.9.2-2 [103 kB]

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Get:32 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial-security/universe arm64 libgme0 arm64 0.6.0-3ubuntu0.16.04.1 [113 kB]

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Get:33 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 libmodplug1 arm64 1:0.8.8.5-2 [134 kB]

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Get:34 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/main arm64 libssh-gcrypt-4 arm64 0.6.3-4.3 [94.5 kB]

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Get:35 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial-security/universe arm64 libavformat-ffmpeg56 arm64 7:2.8.11-0ubuntu0.16.04.1 [692 kB]

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Get:36 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 libid3tag0 arm64 0.15.1b-11 [24.9 kB]

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Get:37 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/main arm64 libjpeg8 arm64 8c-2ubuntu8 [2,198 B]

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Get:38 http://ports.ubuntu.com xenial/universe arm64 minidlna arm64 1.1.5+dfsg-2 [123 kB]

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Setting up libtheora0:arm64 (1.1.1+dfsg.1-8) ...
Setting up libtwolame0:arm64 (0.3.13-1.2) ...
Setting up libva1:arm64 (1.7.0-1ubuntu0.1) ...
Setting up libvpx3:arm64 (1.5.0-2ubuntu1) ...
Setting up libwavpack1:arm64 (4.75.2-2ubuntu0.1) ...
Setting up libwebp5:arm64 (0.4.4-1) ...
Setting up libx264-148:arm64 (2:0.148.2643+git5c65704-1) ...
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Setting up libzvbi-common (0.2.35-10) ...
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Setting up libavcodec-ffmpeg56:arm64 (7:2.8.11-0ubuntu0.16.04.1) ...
Setting up libfreetype6:arm64 (2.6.1-0.1ubuntu2.3) ...
Setting up libfontconfig1:arm64 (2.11.94-0ubuntu1.1) ...
Setting up libbluray1:arm64 (1:0.9.2-2) ...
Setting up libgme0:arm64 (0.6.0-3ubuntu0.16.04.1) ...
Setting up libmodplug1:arm64 (1:0.8.8.5-2) ...
Setting up libssh-gcrypt-4:arm64 (0.6.3-4.3) ...
Setting up libavformat-ffmpeg56:arm64 (7:2.8.11-0ubuntu0.16.04.1) ...
Setting up libid3tag0 (0.15.1b-11) ...
Setting up libjpeg8:arm64 (8c-2ubuntu8) ...
Setting up minidlna (1.1.5+dfsg-2) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu10) ...
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配置 /etc/minidlna.conf

# 媒体文件目录
media_dir=/media/usb0
# 数据库目录
db_dir=/var/cache/minidlna
# 访问的端口号
port=8200
# DLNA服务名称,默认为minidlna
friendly_name=minidlna
# 自动发现media_dir中的新媒体
inotify=yes

重启MiniDLNA

sudo systemctl restart minidlna

使用MiniDLNA

在Pad上查看UPNP/DLNA Media Servers就能看到一个名为 orangepipc2:minidlna 的服务器了。

当更新了服务器上的媒体文件后,可以通过命令 sudo systemctl force-reload minidlna.service 来刷新媒体库

刷新媒体库后可以访问 http://orangepipc2:8200 来查看MiniDLNA中共享的各类资源数量

使用Docker简化安装

如果你觉得上面操作太麻烦,那么可以直接使用Docker帮你搞定。

docker run -d \
       --name "minidlna" \
       --net=host \
       -p 8200:8200/tcp \
       -v ${media_dir}:/data \
       -e FRIENDLY_NAME="DLNA Server" \
       -e MEDIA_DIR=/data \
       forumi0721alpineaarch64/alpine-aarch64-minidlna:latest
c4d9853eff63c893aef3ee8334c032ebf34e4f6741eefd24ef45c007f5c60525