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把Orange Pi打造成多功能下载机

安装 aria2

sudo apt install aria2 -y
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The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
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Use 'sudo apt autoremove' to remove them.
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配置aria2.conf

我们假设下载文件放在 /media/Downloads 目录中

mkdir -p /media/Downloads
touch /media/Downloads/aria2.session

新建 /etc/aria2.conf 文件

## '#'开头为注释内容, 选项都有相应的注释说明, 根据需要修改 ##
## 被注释的选项填写的是默认值, 建议在需要修改时再取消注释  ##

## 文件保存相关 ##

# 文件的保存路径(可使用绝对路径或相对路径), 默认: 当前启动位置
dir=/media/Downloads
# 启用磁盘缓存, 0为禁用缓存, 需1.16以上版本, 默认:16M
#disk-cache=32M
# 文件预分配方式, 能有效降低磁盘碎片, 默认:prealloc
# 预分配所需时间: none < falloc ? trunc < prealloc
# falloc和trunc则需要文件系统和内核支持
# NTFS建议使用falloc, EXT3/4建议trunc, MAC 下需要注释此项
#file-allocation=none
# 断点续传
continue=true

## 下载连接相关 ##

# 最大同时下载任务数, 运行时可修改, 默认:5
#max-concurrent-downloads=5
# 同一服务器连接数, 添加时可指定, 默认:1
max-connection-per-server=5
# 最小文件分片大小, 添加时可指定, 取值范围1M -1024M, 默认:20M
# 假定size=10M, 文件为20MiB 则使用两个来源下载; 文件为15MiB 则使用一个来源下载
min-split-size=10M
# 单个任务最大线程数, 添加时可指定, 默认:5
#split=5
# 整体下载速度限制, 运行时可修改, 默认:0
#max-overall-download-limit=0
# 单个任务下载速度限制, 默认:0
#max-download-limit=0
# 整体上传速度限制, 运行时可修改, 默认:0
#max-overall-upload-limit=0
# 单个任务上传速度限制, 默认:0
#max-upload-limit=0
# 禁用IPv6, 默认:false
#disable-ipv6=true
# 连接超时时间, 默认:60
#timeout=60
# 最大重试次数, 设置为0表示不限制重试次数, 默认:5
#max-tries=5
# 设置重试等待的秒数, 默认:0
#retry-wait=0

## 进度保存相关 ##

# 从会话文件中读取下载任务,得先新建,否则会启动失败
input-file=/media/Downloads/aria2.session
# 在Aria2退出时保存`错误/未完成`的下载任务到会话文件,得先新建,否则会启动失败
save-session=/media/Downloads/aria2.session
# 定时保存会话, 0为退出时才保存, 需1.16.1以上版本, 默认:0
#save-session-interval=60

## RPC相关设置 ##

# 启用RPC, 默认:false
enable-rpc=true
# 允许所有来源, 默认:false
rpc-allow-origin-all=true
# 允许非外部访问, 默认:false
rpc-listen-all=true
# 事件轮询方式, 取值:[epoll, kqueue, port, poll, select], 不同系统默认值不同
#event-poll=select
# RPC监听端口, 端口被占用时可以修改, 默认:6800
#rpc-listen-port=6800
# 设置的RPC授权令牌, v1.18.4新增功能, 取代 --rpc-user 和 --rpc-passwd 选项
#rpc-secret=<TOKEN>
# 设置的RPC访问用户名, 此选项新版已废弃, 建议改用 --rpc-secret 选项
#rpc-user=<USER>
# 设置的RPC访问密码, 此选项新版已废弃, 建议改用 --rpc-secret 选项
#rpc-passwd=<PASSWD>
# 是否启用 RPC 服务的 SSL/TLS 加密,
# 启用加密后 RPC 服务需要使用 https 或者 wss 协议连接
#rpc-secure=true
# 在 RPC 服务中启用 SSL/TLS 加密时的证书文件,
# 使用 PEM 格式时,您必须通过 --rpc-private-key 指定私钥
#rpc-certificate=/path/to/certificate.pem
# 在 RPC 服务中启用 SSL/TLS 加密时的私钥文件
#rpc-private-key=/path/to/certificate.key

## BT/PT下载相关 ##

# 当下载的是一个种子(以.torrent结尾)时, 自动开始BT任务, 默认:true
#follow-torrent=true
# BT监听端口, 当端口被屏蔽时使用, 默认:6881-6999
listen-port=51413
# 单个种子最大连接数, 默认:55
#bt-max-peers=55
# 打开DHT功能, PT需要禁用, 默认:true
enable-dht=false
# 打开IPv6 DHT功能, PT需要禁用
#enable-dht6=false
# DHT网络监听端口, 默认:6881-6999
#dht-listen-port=6881-6999
# 本地节点查找, PT需要禁用, 默认:false
#bt-enable-lpd=false
# 种子交换, PT需要禁用, 默认:true
enable-peer-exchange=false
# 每个种子限速, 对少种的PT很有用, 默认:50K
#bt-request-peer-speed-limit=50K
# 客户端伪装, PT需要
peer-id-prefix=-TR2770-
user-agent=Transmission/2.77
# 当种子的分享率达到这个数时, 自动停止做种, 0为一直做种, 默认:1.0
seed-ratio=0
# 强制保存会话, 即使任务已经完成, 默认:false
# 较新的版本开启后会在任务完成后依然保留.aria2文件
#force-save=false
# BT校验相关, 默认:true
#bt-hash-check-seed=true
# 继续之前的BT任务时, 无需再次校验, 默认:false
bt-seed-unverified=true
# 保存磁力链接元数据为种子文件(.torrent文件), 默认:false
bt-save-metadata=true

这样可以通过 aria2c --conf-path="/etc/aria2.conf" 来让Aria2应用该z配置。

若想让 aria2 以Daemon的方式运行,则可以加上 -D 参数,像这样

sudo aria2c --conf-path="/etc/aria2.conf" -D

你要是嫌指定 --conf-path 参数太麻烦,那么可以创建一个 $HOME/.aria2/aria2.conf 的软链接

mkdir -p ~/.aria2
ln -s /etc/aria2.conf ~/.aria2/aria2.conf

这样就可以省略 --conf-path 参数了

sudo aria2c -D

安装aria2 web前端

安装apache

sudo apt install apache2 -y
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安装中文YAAW

git clone https://github.com/aa65535/yaaw-zh-hans /var/www/html/yaaw

使用YAAW

访问 http://orangepipc2/yaaw, 然后点击右边刷新 旁边 的配置按钮,在 JSON-RPC Path 中填入 http://orangepipc2:6800/jsonrpc.

其中 orangepipc2 是OrangePi的IP地址

配置aria2自启动

新建文件 /etc/systemd/system/aria2.service ,然后输入以下内容

[Unit]
Description=Aria2
After=syslog.target
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
User=root
Group=root
WorkingDirectory=/root
ExecStart=/usr/bin/aria2c  --conf-path="/etc/aria2.conf -D
# Restart=always
Environment=USER=root HOME=/root

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target