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org-agenda的好帮手:org-agenda-skip-function

之前一直想自定义一个angeda视图,用来显示所有 state 为 NEXT 且 scheduled time不超过今天的事项。

刷选 state 为 NEXT 的事项很容易,只需要在 org-agenda-custom-commands 中的 type 设为 todo, match 设为 "NEXT" 就行了, 但是要过滤 scheduled time该怎么做呢?

我一直都找不到实现的方法,直到有一天发现了 org-agenda-skip-function 这个变量。

下面是 org-agenda-skip-function 的doc-string

org-agenda-skip-function is a variable defined in ‘org-agenda.el’.
Its value is nil

  This variable may be risky if used as a file-local variable.

Documentation:
Function to be called at each match during agenda construction.
If this function returns nil, the current match should not be skipped.
Otherwise, the function must return a position from where the search
should be continued.
This may also be a Lisp form, it will be evaluated.
Never set this variable using ‘setq’ or so, because then it will apply
to all future agenda commands.  If you do want a global skipping condition,
use the option ‘org-agenda-skip-function-global’ instead.
The correct usage for ‘org-agenda-skip-function’ is to bind it with
‘let’ to scope it dynamically into the agenda-constructing command.
A good way to set it is through options in ‘org-agenda-custom-commands’.

根据这个说法 org-agenda 会在生成 agenda view 时调用 org-agenda-skip-function 所指向的函数来过滤不需要的事项。 也就是说,通过定义这个函数,我们可以以任意条件来过滤要显示的事项。

这个过滤函数的结构一般是这样的

(let* ((next-headline (save-excursion (or (outline-next-heading) (point-max))))
       (subtree-end (save-excursion (org-end-of-subtree t)))
       (subtree-valid (过滤条件判断)))
  (unless subtree-valid
    next-headline))

比如我的agenda实现是这样的:

(defun org/schedule-until (&optional time)
  "List Agenda items that scheduled until TIME."
  (let* ((next-headline (save-excursion (or (outline-next-heading) (point-max))))
         (subtree-end (save-excursion (org-end-of-subtree t)))
         (scheduled-time (org-get-scheduled-time (point)))
         (time (or time (format-time-string "%Y-%m-%d 23:59:59")))
         (time (apply #'encode-time (org-parse-time-string time)))
         (subtree-valid (or (null scheduled-time) (time-less-p scheduled-time time))))
    (until subtree-valid
           next-headline)))

(setq org-agenda-custom-commands
      '(("n" "Next" todo "NEXT"
         ((org-agenda-overriding-header "NEXT")
          (org-agenda-skip-function 'org/schedule-until)))))